Geneva, Apr 16 (Prensa Latina) Cuba has complied with many of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, despite the huge economic and social costs forced upon it by the U.S. blockade, according to a report released by the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva.
In 2012, Cuba’s infant mortality rate was 4.6 per 1,000 live births, the lowest in Latin America, and maternal mortality was 21.5 per 100,000, among the lowest in the world, said the text to be presented by the Caribbean country on May 1 at the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
Cuba guarantees free and universal access to public health, and its vaccination program is one of the world’s most comprehensive, allowing for the prevention of 13 diseases.
Despite restrictions imposed by the U.S. blockade on the acquisition of resources and technologies, the country extended its research into vaccines against the cholera virus, dengue and HIV, and has prioritized projects which have a high impact on public health, including those related to cardiology, cancer, nephrology, and organ transplantation.
In recent years, the national AIDS program has had remarkable achievements, with diminished rates of mortality and delayed diagnosis, increased survival rates of those under treatment, and mother to child transmission of syphilis and HIV remaining virtually eliminated.
Cuba also reached the Millennium Development Goals in the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, promotion of gender equality, empowerment of women, and its achievement of universal primary education.
The Caribbean country was first to sign and second to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
The 2011 UNESCO report recognizes the high educational level of the Caribbean nation, which ranks 14th in the world in the Development Index for Universal Education.
Cuba has a high rate of human development and ranks 51st among 187 countries, according to the 2011 report on the subject.
Additionally, according to the Non-Economic Human Development Index, it is in 17th place worldwide.