Monthly Archives: February 2017

The Second Declaration of Havana, a program for the Revolution

Jorge Wejebe Cobo

Cuban Agency News

This time, the heads of Yankee central intelligence (the CIA) and the Pentagon, embittered over their total defeat at the Bay of Pigs, in April 1961, thought up a strategy for US armed forces to directly attack the Island, together with representatives of puppet Latin American armies.

A significant development to justify the attack was Cuba’s expulsion from the Organization of American States (OAS) during a meeting that took place in Punta del Este, Uruguay. At this meeting, with the sole exception of Mexico, every single Latin American country broke off diplomatic relations with the revolutionary government.

This fact and the general climate that presaged the attack, drove Fidel Castro, the Leader of the Revolution, to declare on 4 February 1962, the Second Declaration of Havana, approved unanimously by the People’s General Assembly that had assembled in Plaza de la Revolución José Martí.

On this occasion, Fidel denounced these plans, reaffirmed his decision to resist the imperialist attack and delivered a historical analysis of the revolutionary situation on the continent and the imperialist exploitation that had endured. For almost a century, the Latin American governments had cowered in submission to Washington’s interests.

One part strikes out:
“We will resist on every single battle site: we will resist on the economic battleground, we will persist in advancing on the cultural front (…) Our Fatherland is not toiling away for today. Rather, our Fatherland sweats for tomorrow. And this will be a tomorrow, overflowing with promises that nobody will be able to snatch away from us; no one will be able to deny us it, because with our people’s pietas, we are going to win it; through our people’s bravery and heroism, we are going to conquer.”

The Second Declaration of Havana aroused support from the people of Latin America and was an inspiration for the revolutionary processes across the entire continent. And this consolidated in a political and moral victory for Cuba against the whole world. [What’s more], it served as a warning to the White House: if it attacked the island, it would be faced with a trump card: the active opposition of the peoples against the puppet governments in the surrounding lands.

In this respect, the Cuban Leader said that the poor would rise up like of wave of
“fibrilating rancour, justice demanded and rights that had been trampled. A wave that is beginning to surge throughout the lands of Latin America”.

Fidel ended with words repeated years later by Ernesto Guevara at the UN:
“Because this great humanity has said “enough’s enough!” and has awoken. Because this march of giants will not stop until it has won true independence; because they have died more than once in vain. Today, in any event, those that may die, will die like those in Cuba, those at the Bay of Pigs. They will die for a single, genuine independence that can never be given up!”

The Second Declaration of Havana heralded an entire initial phase of resistance and victory for the Cuban Revolution, still a newborn, and for the revolutionary heroic acts of Latin America during the 1960s. This revolution found its greatest expression in the guerrilla, Che, in Bolivia. Such heroic acts sowed the seed of processes – anti-imperialism and revolutionary in kind – that are currently taking place in the region; that, today in Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia, are fighting against imperialist aggression, which with just as much anger, is trying to topple them.


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Washington: the anti-Cuba conspiracy continues

Written by Nicanor León Cotayo


The plot includes a letter that five former diplomats sent to President-elect Donald Trump urging him to reverse Obama’s policy toward Cuba.

El Nuevo Herald journalists, Nora Gámez Torres and Patricia Mazzei, wrote in Miami last Wednesday that their aim is to bring down measures geared at “softening the embargo”.

The text –typical of the extremist language– also asks Trump to hinder further collaboration “with Cuban security forces”.
Since then, the signatories show an interesting concern: that business interests hamper their ultra-right aims against Havana.
One can see this when they request Trump to in his first one hundred days of government, cancel as soon as possible the executive orders that lifted restrictions “to do business with the Castro regime”.

The letter was signed by Everett Ellis Briggs, former ambassador to Panama and Honduras, as well as special assistant to George W. Bush at the National Security Council (NSC).

Also signed were Elliot Abrams and Otto Reich, former Undersecretaries of State for Latin America, as well as Jose S. Sorzano, former ambassador to the United Nations.

Maybe one of the most noteworthy signatures was that of the pretty controversial former head of US diplomatic mission in Havana and current mayor of Coral Gables, James C. Cason.

“We want you to take a fresh look at politics toward Cuba”, stated the latter referring to Trump.

And then added “We have given too much, now the president-elect should step back and reconsider it”.

Although he immediately cleared up: “Not to break relations completely, but certainly to give nothing else”.

By the way, Cason’s statement reinforces criteria on apparent friction between rightwing hardliners and business sectors.

“We still have to wait and see whether principles win over profits”, he ascertained.

He went on to say: “So many enterprises are talking about what is profitable for them that is why we expect there could be an argument”.

Herald journalists recalled that Trump has promised to put an end to the meltdown in bilateral relations if “Castro’s government does not offer concessions”.

On this regard, analysts on the Cuban issue have remarked that, Havana is not precisely which established an economic blockade on United States, nor has it invaded its territory or launched subversive programs against its authorities, set up radio and TV stations to defame its reality or built a military base on US soil.

What are those mistrusts from the far right?

According to experts on the subject, they are frightened by eventual recoil from Trump that will reverse the progress achieved with Cuban “exiles” who voted for him in Florida.

The letter by Washington’s former diplomats also criticised the performance of U.S. at UN, where its ambassador, Samantha Power, abstained for the first time at a voting that Cuba presents against US blockade.

“It’s scandalous”, commented Sorzano. “The administration abandoned its constitutional responsibilities to defend the law”, he added.

The signatories reach so far as to state that “there’s no need” to nominate an ambassador in Cuba.

New pretext? Until, due to security reasons, hiring of its employees is not carried out as they determine.

At the same time, they suggested that a new manager be appointed “more in line with the views of the new Administration”.

The letter, revealed journalists Gamez and Mazzei, was coordinated by the so-called Center for a Free Cuba (CFC), which supports a hard-line and intransigent policy against Havana.

Hence other pending chapters before one can talk about a real improvement in Cuba-U.S. relations.

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

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Cuban Pitcher, the Best Starter in Caribbean All Star Team

Culiacan, Mexico, Feb 8 (Prensa Latina) Cuban right-handed Lázaro Blanco was picked up the Best Starter of the 2017 Caribbean Baseball Series, that the Puerto Rican Caguas Creoles won by beating Mexically Eagles, of Mexico, 1-0 in a sensational final game.

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Martí in Fidel: All the Glory in the World Fits in a Kernel of Corn

foto fideljosñé martí
Arnold August*

Montreal, (Prensa Latina) The last week of January held special significance for Cubans, and indeed for the progressive men and women around the world. This year, January 25 marked the second month since the passing of Fidel Castro on November 25, 2016, while January 28 marked José Marti’s day of birth in which Cubans pay a special tribute to his legacy.

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US Ex-Officials File Affidavit Against Trump Immigration Order

The group, composed of 10 former diplomats and senior security officials, described the executive directive as ‘poorly conceived, poorly implemented and poorly explained,’ NBC News reported.

According to the text of the affidavit, the order cannot be justified on grounds of national security or foreign policy, since it does not fulfill its declared task of protecting the nation from the entry of foreign terrorists.

The document, also endorsed by former Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and former CIA Director Michael Hayden, stressed that in fact very few attacks against US territory since that time have been linked with foreign citizens.

The former officials urged Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals not to reinstate the entry ban while deciding whether the president has the legal or constitutional authority to issue that order.

Trump signed on January 27 a directive banning the arrival of people from seven Muslim-majority countries for 90 days, and blocking the refugee program for four months, in the case of the Syrians, indefinitely.

See more Washington, Feb 6 (Prensa Latina) Several former US officials filed an affidavit against the immigration order signed by President Donald Trump, saying it made the country less secure, local media reported today.

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